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Analytical Exposition Text : Pengertian, Generic Structure, Karakteristik dan Contoh Soalnya



A. Pengertiaan Analytical Exposition Text

Analytical Exposition Text is an Exposition  text that elaborates the writer's idea about the phenomenon surrounding. Its social function is to persuade the reader that the idea is important matter. The first paragraph usually called thesis, in this part, usually about the writer's opinion about something.

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Sedikit berbeda dengan hortatory exposition , analytical exposition adalah jenis teks eksposisi yang diawali dengan pernyataan yang menunjukkan sikap, opini, pernyataan atau posisi penulis terhadap tema yang dibahas kemudian didukung oleh berbagai argumen dan ditutup dengan penegasan atau pernyataan ulang tentang opini yang dinyatakan di bagian awal.

Adapun fungsi dari exposition text adalah untuk meyakinkan pembaca atau pendengar bahwa tema yang diangkat menarik untuk dibahas melalui pendapat-pendapat atau argumen yang dipaparkan.

Bahasa Indonesia Analytical Exposition Text adalah salah satu bentuk argumentation text. Para pakar bahasa Inggris mendefinisikan analytical exposition text sebagai berikut: “Analytical exposition is a text that elaborates the writer‘s idea about the phenomenon surrounding”. Jika diterjemahkan dalam bahasa Indonesia yang dimaksud dengan analytical exposition text adalah sebuah teks atau tulisan yang memaparkan pendapat penulis tentang fenomena yang sedang terjadi di sekitar kita.

Dari pengertian-pengertian di atas, kita bisa tahu kalau analytical exposition text berisi pemikiran penulis tentang hal-hal yang terjadi di sekitarnya, baik benda, kejadian, ataupun tempat. Teks ini termasuk dalam argumentative text karena menunjukkan suatu pendapat (argumen) terhadap sesuatu. Fungsi sosialnya adalah untuk meyakinkan pembaca bahwa topik yang dihadirkan adalah topik yang penting untuk dibahas. Kamu perlu ingat, kalau analytical exposition text tidak “berusaha” untuk mengubah sudut pandang pembacanya, ya, Squad. Teks ini murni hanya berisi pendapat penulis.


B. Tujuan Analytical Exposition

 Komunikatif dari analytical exposition adalah untuk meyakinkan pembaca bahwa topik yang disajikan adalah topik yang penting untuk dibahas atau mendapat perhatian dengan cara pemberian argumen-argumen atau pendapat-pendapat yang mendukung ide pokok atau topik tersebut. Tujuan Analytical Exposition adalah untuk menyajikan kepada pembaca agar yakin pada sebuah topik yang penting untuk dibahas atau mendapat perhatian dengan cara pemberian argumen-argumen atau pendapat-pendapat yang mendukung ide pokok atau topik tersebut.

C. Generic Structure Analytical Exposition

1.Thesis

Pada bagian Thesis, penulis memperkenalkan tentang topik atau ide pokok yang akan dibahas. Thesisselalu berada di paragraf pertama dalam Analytical Exposition Text. Dalam bagian Thesis, penulis mengenalkan tentang topik atau main idea yang akan dibahas. Thesis selalu berada di paragraph pertama dalam teks Analytical Exposition

2. Argument

Pada  bagian ini penulis menghadirkan argumen-argumen atau pendapat-pendapat yang mendukung ide pokok penulis, biasanya dalam sebuah Analytical Exposition Text terdapat lebih dari dua argumen. Semakin banyak argumen yang ditampilkan semakin percaya pembaca bahwa topik yang dibahas oleh penulis adalah topik yang sangat penting atau membutuhkan perhatian. opik yang dibahas oleh penulis adalah topik yang sangat penting atau perlu perhatian.Dalam bagian ini penulis menghadirkan argumen-argumen atau pendapat-pendapat yang mendukung main idea penulis, biasanya dalam sebuah teks Analytical Exposition terdapat lebih dari dua argumen. Semakin banyak argumen yang ditampilkan semakin percaya pembaca bahwa topik yang dibahas oleh penulis adalah topik yang sangat penting atau membutuhkan perhatian.

3. Reiteration/Conclusion


Pada bagian ini merupakan bagian penutup dari sebuah Analytical Exposition Text yang selalu terletak di akhir paragraf. Reiteration berisi penulisan kembali atau penempatan kembali ide pokok yang terdapat di paragraf pertama. Reiteration juga biasa disebut dengan conclusion atau kesimpulan dan terkadang berisi rekomendasi. Bagian ini merupakan bagian penutup dari sebuah teks Analytical Exposition yang selalu terletak di akhir paragraph. Reiteration berisi penulisan kembali atau penempatan kembali main idea yang terdapat di paragraph pertama. Reiteration juga biasa disebut dengan conclusion. Bagian ini ini selalu terletak di akhir paragraf.

D. Ciri-ciri Redaksi Text Analytical Exposition
1. Menggunakan simple present tense.

2. Mengunakan relational process/sebab akibat  seperti : because, if conditional sentence.

3. Menggunakan internal conjunction.

4. Menggunakan casual conjunction.

E. Contoh Analytical Exposition dan Penjelasannya
Contoh 1:

                                                         Gold Coin Investment

1. Gold has become a precious metal to mankind since it was the dawn of civilization. The nature of gold is soft and malleable which people can make and easily change to any forms, even it is done just by a simple technology. The beautiful golden and shiny color does not easily fade out. The form of gold can be as jewelry, bar, or coin. Now days gold coin, such as gold IRA, becomes an advantageous investment.

2. Gold is safe and profitable for investment. In uncertain situations, many people are turning to gold because gold has a more stable value and regarded as currency without limitation assets. It is secure and can be cashed out at any time we need. The Gold values tend to be stable; take a look an IRA gold discussion. It is zero inflation effect. It is very rare that the gold prices fell. Even every year, the gold price tends to increase.

3. Investments in the form of coins, it is famous as gold coin, is more profitable if it is compared with the investment gold in the form of jewelry. Gold Coin, for example gold 401k which some people call 401k gold, is very good when used as an alternative investment, whether it is for the medium-term investment and long-term investment. Besides that gold coins need less cost in production and manufacturing sot it is more lucrative than investing gold in the form of jewelry.

4. Moreover, some people do not just think gold as an investment, but also as collections. Because the character is a collection so the uniqueness and rareness are the point. There might be coins that cost up to more than a million because of the history variables, ownership, and perhaps an important event when the coin is launched.

5. From the reason above, if we decide to make an investment, it could be useful to consider investing gold coin or think about gold IRA transfer. It is really recommended.

Contoh 2:

                                                        The Dangerous of Using Drugs
Everybody must pay attention of drugs. Drugs are very dangerous for us. Why it is very dangerous for us? Because its can caused harm to our body.

In terms of health, many organs in our body can be harm because using drug. In general, the impact of using drug are can unconscious, make us hallucinate, can harm our nerve, and cause addictive effect. Beside that, using drugs can make the users depressed, liver disease, schizophrenia, blockage of blood vessels, dehydration, optic nerve damage, brain damage, and finally it can cause DEATH!

When viewed in terms of Islamic law, drugs are forbidden. Because it is cause badness, self harm, debilitate. And Islam proscribes all that can cause badness, self harm because it is included zhalim. Also if we using drugs, it means we already do the forbidden things in Islam, it means we sin. So, in terms of Islamic law, using drugs also dangerous.

Furthermore, if the users of drugs are teenagers, it can endanger their future, and endanger their homeland, their country. From the data, 32 percent of drugs users in Indonesia are teenagers, so, if many teenagers –in this case Indonesia- use drugs, it can be endanger this country, harm youth generation, whereas youths are nation expectation. If the youth using drugs, our nation can be destroy!

So, from now on we must pay attention of drugs, because it’s very dangerous, both in terms of health, religion (Islam), nationality and state.
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Contoh 3:

                                                                      Fast Food
Fast food nowadays is considered a normal eating venture. People are not just eating out on special occasions or weekends anymore. It means that all the time they mostly eat fast foods. However is fast food good for health?

Fast food has its popularity in the 1940’s. Within a few years, fast-food operations popped up everywhere. With the compelling rise in fast-food restaurants since the 1940’s, oddly it started the rise in obesity and cancer during that same time period.

Fast food is highly processed with a wide array of additives. To ensure fast food’s low cost, the fast food products are made with highly-processed ingredients to give it shelf-life, to hold consistency, and to enhance flavor. Fast food is altered from its original healthy form.

It is not the calories in fast food which damage health and waistline. It is the chemical additives such as aspartame and MSG (monosodium glutamate). Studies show that the chemical additives lead to weight and disease issues.

So, there is absolutely nothing nutritional about fast food. Fast food simply feeds hunger and craving.

Contoh 4 :

                                            The Importance of Internet for Education

(Thesis)
The impact of internet in education has been far reaching and still developing. It has created instant access to a wide variety of research information to help students learn.

(Argument)
Nowadays, internet access has created the potential for students to learn new material easily. The time students have at class is limited, so the teacher sometimes cannot give all the explanation needed. In this case, internet can help students to get more explanation.

(Argument)
Internet has become now way of life. In the future, on students’ working life, they will have to use internet. So it is wise for the teacher to give assignment which related to it. For example, teacher can ask students to give the assignment via e-mail.

(Reiteration)
Internet has big impact on education. There are many positive things students and teacher can get from it.

Contoh 5:

                                                         The Importance of Exercise

We all know that exercise is important in our daily lives, but we may not know why or what exercise can do for us. Here are some benefits of exercises.

Exercise increases energy levels. Exercise improves both the strength and the efficiency of your cardiovascular system to get the oxygen and nutrients to your muscles.  When your cardiovascular system works better everything seems easier and you have more energy for the fun stuff in life.

Exercise improves muscle strength.Staying active keeps muscles strong and joints, tendons and ligaments flexible, allowing you to move more easily and avoid injury. Strong muscles and ligaments reduce your risk of joint and lower back pain by keeping joints in proper alignment. They also improve coordination and balance.

Exercise can help you to maintain a healthy weight. The more you exercise, the more calories you burn.  In addition, the more muscle you develop, the higher your metabolic rate becomes, so you burn more calories even when you’re not exercising.  The result?  You may lose weight and look better physically which will boost your self-esteem.

Exercise improves brain function. Exercise increases blood flow and oxygen levels in the brain. It also encourages the release of the brain chemicals (hormones) that are responsible for the production of cells in the hippocampus, the part of the brain that controls memory and learning.  This, in turn, boosts concentration levels and cognitive ability, and helps reduce the risk of cognitive degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s.

Contoh 6:

                                                  The Importance of Physical Fitness

Why is Physical Activity and Fitness Important? There are some advantages when we get fitnes. SOme of them are:

Physical activity is essential to prevent and reduce risks of many diseases and improve physical and mental health. It can even help you live longer—research from the American Journal of Preventative Medicine indicates that regular exercise can add up to five years to your life.

Physical activity also keeps you in shape so you can enjoy leisure activities and safely perform work and home chores. It offers great mental and social benefits as well. The Lancet released a series of studies that attribute positive outcomes to physical activity, including “a sense of purpose and value, a better quality of life, improved sleep, and reduced stress, as well as stronger relationships and social connectedness.”

On the other hand, lack of physical activity is associated with increased risks of healthy problems.

F. Contoh Soal Analytical Text

Read the following text to answer questions number 1 to 3!

                       The government should Provide rehabilitation Program for Drug Users
Drug users are actually ill people who need help. Rehabilitation is one of the main things they should get. Instead of punishing drug users in prisons, the government should provide rehabilitation for them.

Most users are actually victims of persuasive peddlers and they suffer from consuming the drugs. Therefore, by rehabilitating them, we are actually helping them out from traps, which they might accidentally step on.

If we only arrest drug users and send them to jail, this doesn't solve the problem as drug users will still be addicted unless proper rehabilitation is imposed to them. Providing rehabilitation programs for drug users and forcing them to participate in the programs is better than only arresting them and doing nothing to their illness. Only drug dealers, traffickers, and wholesalers should be imprisoned. 

1. Most drug users get drugs from ....
     A. Jails
     B. Peddlers
     C. Traffickers
     D. Wholesalers
     E. Rehabilitation center

2. Sending the drug users to prison is not a good solution because ....
     A. They can't consume harmful drugs
     B. They are treated normally
     C. They may still be infected with harmful drugs
     D. They can be freed as soon as possible
     E. They are given the whole recovery program

3. "...drug users will still be addicted unless proper rehabilitation is imposed to them." (Paragraph 3) The underlined word is closest in meaning to ....
     A. Influenced
     B. Treated
     C. Forced
     D. Burdened
     E. Implemented

Read the following text to answer questions number 4 to 6!

Everybody should change their way of life to reduce global warming. There are several things that we can do. One of them is by buying and consuming fresh local groceries as much as possible. It of course includes local vegetables, fruits, bread, etc.

Local groceries don’t need much transportation to get it into the market. It of course means, the amount of carbon dioxide produced is less than the groceries from other region. Therefore, by buying local groceries we are helping reduce the amount of carbon dioxide produced.

Consuming fresh groceries instead of frozen ones are healthier for us. Furthermore, fresh food or groceries means no requirements for it to be freeze up. It means that no electricity is needed and saving energy means reducing carbon dioxide and money.

So, from now on we should consume fresh local groceries to reduce global warming. 

4. The text gives us information about ….
     A. The ways to minimize global warning
     B. The ways to increase global warning
     C. The effects of global warning
     D. The importance of consuming local groceries
     E. The importance of knowing global warning

5. To reduce the global warming we should ….
     A. Buy import product
     B. Buy expensive clothes
     C. Consume frozen foods
     D. Consume fresh foods
     E. Not use electricity efficiently

6. We are helping reduce the amount of global warming” (Paragraph 2) The underlined word can be replaced by ….
     A. Increase
     B. Decrease
     C. Improve
     D. Add
     E. Maximize

Read the following text to answer questions number 7 to 10!

The use of formalin and other dangerous preservatives in food has been serious problem for three reasons. Firstly, formalin is not for human beings, but it is for biological specimens and experiments. Formalin in Biology is a 10% solution of formaldehyde in water which is usually used as a disinfectant or to preserve biological specimens. Thus, it is not for food preservatives. Of course when it is used for food preservative, it will be very dangerous to human’s body.

The second reason is that there is no tight control from the government. This condition makes the people’s health is really in a threat. When the control is weak and the use formalin was spread wide all over the Indonesian regions, and these days it has really happened, the citizen's bodies will be badly contaminated with the poisons. Fish or food traders still sell their products which contain formalin and dangerous preservatives. Can you imagine that our digestive system absorbs the substance that should be for the human and animal corpses?

Considering the reasons, we can make a conclusion that the use of formalin and other preservatives is really a serious problem if it is not resolved immediately. 

7. Why is formalin dangerous for human`s body?
     A. It is not food preservatives
     B. It is a disinfectant for human beings
     C. It is used to preserve biological specimens
     D. It is 10% solution of formaldehyde in water
     E. It is controlled flighty from the government

8. The main idea of paragraph two is ....
     A. The human`s bodies will be harmful after consuming the formalin
     B. The government has not controlled the use of formalin firmly
     C. The weak control of using formalin is not threatening the human
     D. The human`s bodies will be harmful after consuming the formalin
     E. The use of formalin is known all over the regions

9. Based on the facts above, the writer suggest that ... .
     A. People have to avoid consuming formalin in their food
     B. The use of formaldehyde is necessary to control the food
     C. People should add 100% solution of formaldehyde in water
     D. The food preservative is required to make the food delicious
     E. Food seller is supposed to pour formalin for vegetables and food products

10. What is the generic structure of the text?
     A. Arguments-Recommendation-Thesis
     B. Thesis-Argument-Recommendation
     C. Thesis-Argument-Reiteration
     D. Thesis-Supporting Points-Contrasting Points-Reiteration
     E. Reiteration-Arguments-Thesis
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