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Spoof Text : Pengertian, Generic Structure, Karakteristik dan Contoh Soalnya




A. Pengertian Spoof Text

Spoof text adalah teks dalam bahasa Inggris yang berbentuk narasi dalam segmen cerita humor/lucu yang bertujuan untuk menghibur pembaca/pendengarnya.  Spoof text dapat berbentuk tulisan yang dimodifikasi dalam bentuk musik, teater, pantomim, dan juga drama komedi. Selain itu, Spoof text termasuk ke dalam golongan narasi dan menceritakan kejadian di masa lampau dengan akhir yang tidak disangka-sangka sehingga membuat cerita tersebut lucu.

Pendapat lain juga menyatakan bahwa Spoof merupakan teks yang menceritakan kisah faktual, yang berlangsung pada masa lalu dengan akhir yang tak terduga serta lucu. Spoof merupakan jenis cerita yang mempunyai twist (bagian lucu pada akhir cerita). Dimana kisahnya berisi peristiwa tidak terduga sehingga membuat cerita tersebut lucu/humor.

Selain itu, Spoof Text adalah “a funny and silly piece of writing”, dimana cerita yang diangkat merupakan cerita yang di dalamnya terkandung berbagai hal yang lucu. Sementara bebarapa ahli Bahasa Inggris mendefinisikan “Spoof is a text which tells a factual story, happened in the past time with unpredictable and funny ending” (Spoof text adalah sebuah teks yang menceritakan sebuah cerita yang terjadi pada masa lalu dengan akhir cerita yang lucu yang tidak dapat diprediksi atau diperkirakan).

Bukan hanya itu saja, Spoof Text  juga dapat berasal dari kisah pada kehidupan sehari-hari si penulis. Dimana dalam kehidupan yang kita jalani, pasti ada kalanya kita menemukan sebuah pengalaman lucu yang dapat kita tulis dalam bentuk spoof. Inilah yang dimaksud bahwa spoof merupakan kisah dan pengalaman penulis sehari-hari. Jadi, tujuan dari Spoof Text adalah untuk menghibur dan berbagai cerita pada para pembaca/pendengar/penonton.

B. Generic Structure Text

1. Orientation

Dalam orientation penulis harus menceritakan tentang apa, siapa, mengapa, dimana, kapan dan bagaimana sebuah cerita spoof itu terjadi. Atau penulis harus dapat menjawab pertanyaan 5 W 1 H (What, Who, Where, When, Why dan How). Hal ini bermakna bahwa, pada spoof text juga diawali dengan adanya orientation atau bagian yang mana penulis mulai memperkenalkan kisah dengan pengenalan tokoh, latar, dan juga situasi.

2. Events

Penulis/pembicara  menceritakan peristiwa yang masih dalam  cerita biasa saja/masih wajar saja, walaupun merupakan bagian inti cerita.

3. Twist

 Twist merupakan bagian teks yang menceritakan kebalikan dari kejadian wajar di bagian events. Twist merupakan bagian akhir dari spoof text yang menceritakan kejadian akhir lucu dan tidak disangka-sangka sebelumnya. Twist adalah bagian teks yang mengisahkan kebalikan dari kejadian wajar pada bagian events. Twist adalah bagian akhir dari spoof text yang mengisahkan peristiwa akhir yang lucu serta tidak disangka – sangka sebelumnya (mengandung hal komedi/ lucu).


C. Ciri-ciri Spoof Text

1. Berfokus pada kisah individu seperti orang, binatang maupun hal – hal tertentu.

2. Memakai kalimat masa lalu/ lampau.

3. Memakai kata kerja aksi (ate, ran, was walking, etc)(makan, berlari, berjalan).

4. Menggunakan Adverb of time and adverb of place  in the garden, two days ago).

5. Diceritakan dalam urutan yang kronologis.

6. Memakai pidato langsung atau pidato tak langsung untuk dialog.

7. Memakai kata penghubung (first, then, finally)(pertama, lalu, akhirnya).

8. Menggunakan Simple Present Tense

9. Memakai kata keterangan waktu dan tempat

10.Memakai action verb (sebuah kata yang bisa didengar dan dilihat).

11.Diceritakan secara kronologis (dibacakan secara kronologis sehingga pembaca merasa tidak ada bagian yang terlewat. Hal tersebut dimanfaatkan penulis agar twist semakin tidak bisa ditebak).

D. Contoh Spoof Text

Text 1

                                                                    Nasreddin’s Coat

One day Nasreddin had been invited to the dinner party. He went to the party by wearing old clothes.

When he arrived in the party, nobody looked at him and nobody gave him a seat. He got no food in the party so he went home and change his clothes

Next he put on his best clothes. He wore his newest coat and went to the party again. The host at once got up and came to meet him. The host offered him the best table and gave him a good seat and served him the best food

Nasreddin sat and put off his coat. He put his coat and said; “Eat the food, Coat!” the hosts and guests were very surprised and asked Nareddin; “What are doing?” Nasreddin replied calmly; “When I came here with my old clothes, nobody looked at me. Then I went home and put on my best clothes. I came back in my newest coat and you all give me this best food and drink. So, you give food to my coat instead of me”. Getting Nasreddin’s answer, they just shook the head.

Generic Structure Analysis

Orientation :  One day, Nasreddin was invited to a dinner party

Event 1       :  He was in the party with his old cloth

Event 2       :  He was in the party with his best newest coat

Twist           :  Among the hosts and guests, he asked his coat to eat the served food
.
Text 2

                                                           Finding Penguin in the Park

Once a man was walking in a park when he across a penguin. He took it to a policeman and said; “What should I do?” The policeman replied; “Take it to the zoo!”.

The next day, the policeman saw the man in the same park. The man was still carrying the penguin. The policeman was rather surprised and walked up to the man and asked; “Why are you still carrying the penguin? Didn’t you take it to the zoo?” The man replied; “I certainly did. And it was a great idea because the penguin really enjoyed it. So, today I am taking it to the movie”.

Generic Structure Analysis

Orientation : Introducing participants: “He” and Penguin. They were in the park

Event 1       : The man tended to take the penguin to the park

Event          : The following day, the man were still carrying the penguin

Twist           :  Even, finally the man would take the penguin to the movies
.
Text 3

                                                                     Bad Dream

Once there was a couple sleeping.

The wife had a bad dream. She woke up. She was scared and cried. Her husband tried to make her comfortable and asked why she cried. Then, she replied: “I had a dream that a very rich and handsome man kidnapped me from you.” Hearing his wife answer, the husband said: “It is ok honey, it was just a dream.

Immediately the wife responded loudly: “That is why I am crying.”

Generic Structure Analysis

Orientation: Introducing participants; who, where, and when. In this story, the participants are the wife and her husband.

Events: Series of events which the participants got. The story show the events. The wife got bad dream, got up, and cried.

Twist: Wife cried because she got up from the dream
.
Text 4

We Don’t Subscribe Newspaper

Mike was a university student. He studied history.

At the end of the year, his history professor failed him in the examinations and he was told to leave the university.

The next day, Jack’s father went to see the proffessor. He urged the professor to let Jack continue his studies on the following year.

“He’s a good boy,” said Jack’s father,”and if you give him a chance this time, I’m sure he will improve a lot next year.”

“No, no! That’s quite impossible!” replied the professor, “Do you know, last month I asked him about when Napoleon died, he could not answer it.”

“Please, sir, give him another chance,” said Jack’s father, “you see, we don’t subscribe to any newspapers in our house, so none of us even knew that Napoleon was ill.”

Generic Structure of Spoof text Analysis

Orientation: Information about who, where, and when in the story.

Mike, his father and history professor.

Events: Series of event happend in the story.

Jack failed in the exam.

The professor made Jakc leave the university

Jack father urged professor to give another chance to Jack

Twist: Jack and his father did not know about Napoleon at all

Text 5

                                                               What A Mess!

Sarah was a college student living in New York City. She was so diligent. She was also independent since her parents were in Minnesota. Besides studying, she also worked in a restaurant as a waitress to fulfill her needs.

Last night, she finished her work at 11.00 PM and went to her apartment. She remembered that she didn’t finish her slide for presentation tomorrow and the presentation would be graded as the midterm test. She started to continue making some slides. She didn’t care her eyes were already tired.  She felt a little confused because she made the slide about a week ago. She read her book again and again and finally understood more. But it wasn’t enough. Then she decided to study tomorrow morning because she was too tired. Without any desire to tidy up her books and laptop on the table, she decided to sleep. She set her alarm at 6:00 am. Oh great. She had 4 hours to sleep.

The next day, the sunlight entered from her bedroom window as if it was not willing to let her sleep any longer.

“No way.” She realized that the sun had risen high enough.

It was already 10:00 am. The class began two hours ago. She rushed to the bathroom to wash her face and brush her teeth. Then she put her laptop and her book in her bag and then just left. When she reached her classroom, there was only Cleo there.

“Sarah, where have you been?”

“I overslept.” She explained.

“Are you kidding? You would get an E. ”

She went out from the class and run to look for Mr. John. But when she run around a few meters away, she slipped because the floor was still wet and she didn’t notice.

Bam! Her head hit the cold floor. “Ouch”

She closed her eyes feeling her head really hurt. It seemed that there would be a big bump in a minute. When she tried to stand up and opened her eyes, she was like sucked into another world. Her view was dark and she felt so dizzy. Then she realized that she was still in her apartment. Right next to her bed.  Great. She fell out of bed and kriiiiiiiiing, her alarm clock rang.

E. Contoh Soal Spoof

Text for questions number 1 to 4!

Last week I took my five-year old son, Willy, to a musical instrument store in my hometown. I wanted to buy him a set of junior drum because his drum teacher advised me to buy him one. Willy likes listening to music very much. He also likes asking me everything he wants to know. Even his questions sometimes seem precocious for a boy of his age. He is very inquisitive.

We went there by car. On the way, we saw a policeman standing near a traffic light regulating the passing cars and other vehicles. He blew his whistle now and then.

Seeing the policeman blowing his whistle, Willy asked me at once, “Dad, why is the policeman using a whistle, not a drum?”

Hearing his unexpected question I answered reluctantly, “Because he is not Phil Collins!”

1. What does the text talk about ……..

A. Willy and his new drum
B. Phil Collins and his drum
C. A policeman and his whistle
D. Willy’s drum private teacher
E. The writer’s five-years old son

2. From the text above we know that Willy is a/n …….. boy.

A. Smart
B. Funny
C. Stupid
D. Childish
E. Annoying

3. Which sentence makes the text a funny story ……..

A. He is very inquisitive
B. Because he is not Phil Collins
C. He blew his whistle now and then
D. He also likes asking me everything he wants to know
E. Dad, why is the policeman using a whistle not a drum?

4. What is generic structures of the text above?

A. Orientation-Events-Reorientation
B. Orientation-Twist-Events
C. Orientation-Events-Twist
D. Orientation-Complication-Twist
E. Orientation-Complication-Resolution

Text for questions number 7 to 10!

The Blonde and the Lawyer

A blonde and a lawyer are seated next to each other on a flight from LA to NY. The lawyer asks if she would like to play a fun game. The blonde, tired, just wants to take a nap, politely declines and rolls over to the window to catch a few winks.

The lawyer persists and explains that the game is easy and a lot of fun. He explains, “I ask you a question, and if you don’t know the answer, you pay me $5.00, and vise versa.” Again, she declines and tries to get some sleep. The lawyer, now agitated, says, “Okay, if you don’t know the answer you pay me $5.00, and if I don’t know the answer, I will pay you $500.00.”

This catches the blonde’s attention and, figuring there will be no end to this torment unless she plays, agrees to the game. The lawyer asks the first question. “What’s the distance from the earth to the moon?” The blonde doesn’t say a word, reaches into her purse, pulls out a $5.00 bill and hands it to the lawyer. “Okay” says the lawyer, “your turn.”

She asks the lawyer, “What goes up a hill with three legs and comes down with four legs?” The lawyer, puzzled, takes out his laptop computer and searches all his references, no answer. He taps into the air phone with his modem and searches the net and the library of congress, no answer. Frustrated, he sends e-mails to all his friends and coworkers, to no avail. After an hour, he wakes the blonde, and hands her $500.00.

The blonde says, “Thank you”, and turns back to get some more sleep.

The lawyer, who is more than a little miffed, wakes the blonde and asks, “Well, what’s the answer?” Without a word, the blonde reaches into her purse, hands the lawyer $5.00, and goes back to sleep.

5. The story tells us about …

A. A plane which a blonde and a lawyer took.
B. A lawyer who played a game with a blonde.
C. A lawyer who bet on something with a blonde.
D. A blonde who was tricked by a lawyer.
E. A blonde who lost her money.

6. What did the lawyer want to play with the blonde?

A. Hide and seek
B. Chicken limbo
C. Jump rope
D. Guessing game
E. Scrabble

7. What was the rule of the game finally?

A. If the blonde could not answer the lawyer’s question, she paid him $5.00, and vise versa.
B. If the blonde could not answer the question, she should pay $5.00. If the lawyer could not answer her question, he should pay $500.00.
C. If the blonde could not answer the lawyer’s question, she paid him $500.00, and vise versa.
D. If the blonde could not answer the lawyer’s question, she paid him $500.00. If the lawyer could not answer her question, he paid her $5.00.
E. If the lawyer could not answer her question, he paid her $500.00. If the blonde could not answer his question, she did not have to pay him.

8. How much money did the blonde benefit from the game?

A. $5.00
B. $50.00
C. $500.00
D. $510.00
E. $490.00

9. Who was cleverer, the blonde or the lawyer?

A. The blonde
B. The lawyer
C. None of them was clever.
D. Both were clever.
E. They were the same.

10. The word “miffed’ in the last paragraph has the similar meaning to…

A. Shy
B. Happy
C. Generous
D. Doubt
E. Angry




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