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Should and Shouldn’t for expressing advice, obligation, recommendation and opinion

 
Dear laman24 readers! Setiap orang pasti pernah mempunyai masalah dalam hidupnya yang tidak dapat mereka selesaikan sendiri. Ketika masalah tersebut tidak dapat diselesaikan sendiri tentu kita akan kebingungan menghadapinya. Pada saat-saat itulah kita ternyata butuh advice (nasihat) dari orang lain yang sangat berarti buat kita.

Ketika seseorang ingin memberikan nasihat (advice), kewajiban (obligation), rekomendasi (recommendation), dan opinion (pendapat), maka orang tersebut biasanya akan menggunkan should (seharusnya) dan juga shouldn’t (tidak seharusnya). Untuk lebih memahami penggunaan should dan shouldn’t perhatiakan contoh berikut ini:
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A.    Penggunaan Should and Shouldn’t + Verb 1.

1. The Indonesian Finance Minister should do something to avoid economic crisis.
2. The people should stay at home to avoid covid-19 pandemic.
3. Carolina, Marilia, Sisilia and Marta should go and see their best friend in the hospital.
4. The hospitalized patience should obey the doctor instruction.
5. The young teenagers should study hard to prepare their better future.
6. You shouldn’t smoke at public place.
7. You shouldn’t drive your car if you don’t have driving license.
8. They shouldn’t join the English club if their talent is Math.
9. You and I shouldn’t attend the meeting if there is no agreement between the participants.
10.You shouldn’t face the angry person because it can also be dangered for you.

Dari contoh diatas jelas bahwa pola should dan shouldn’t diikuti oleh Verb 1. Baik should + verb maupun should + verb 1 berguna untuk memberikan nasihat, rekomendasi dan juga pendapat tentang sesuatu.

B. Penggunaan (Should be + Verb Ing) dan  (Shouldn’t be + Verb Ing)

1. You really should be studying hard to face your better future.
2. The government should be doing something to overcome the pandemic.
3. You should be going home earlier because your brother is sick.
4. You should be sending  the email if you couldn’t join the meeting.
5. You should be helping each other in your life.
6. You shouldn’t be showing something meaningless.
7. You shouldb’t be calling me in the evening.
8. You shouldn’t be playing a game along night.
9. You shouldn’t  be following the wrong way.
10.You shouldn’t be attending the meeting if you don’t know the topic.

Dari contoh diatas jelas bahwa ketika seseorang memberikan nasihat, rekomendasi ataupun opini dengan  menyatakan   You should be + Verb Ing dan juga shouldn’t be + Verb Ing , maka hal tersebut berarti bahwa orang tersebut ingin menyatakan bahwa cara tersebut merupakan hal terbaik yang harus dilakukan oleh orang yang dinasihatinya.

Memang pola kalimat Should be + Verb Ing dan juga Shouldn’t be + Verb Ing memang pada kenyataannya belum dilakukan, tetapi makna dan maksud kalimat tersebut adalah bahwa itulah hal terbaik yang harus dilakukan.

C. Penggunaan Should have + Verb 3 ( Past Participle ) dan Shouldn’t have + Verb 3 (Past Participle)

Untuk memahami penggunaan pola should have + verb three perhatikan contoh berikut ini:

1. We should have followed the instruction from the instructor before doing something.

Maksud kalimat tersebut adalah seharusnya kita mengikuti semua perintah dari instruktur, tapi justru kita mengabaikannya/tidak mengikuti perintahnya, sehingga membawa konsekuensi dan penyelesalan terhadap sesuatu yang seharusnya kita kerjakan/ lakukan, namun kita tidak melakukan/mengerjakannya dari orang yang kita berikan nasihat atau saran.

Begitu juga dengan contoh berikut ini:

2. They should have finished his home work last night. (Unfortunately they didn’t do the home work).
Contoh lainnya adalah sebagai berikut:

3. You should have arrived to Jakarta two day ago. (but you didn’t go).
4. Carolina should have gotten up early to prepare her test. (but she didn’t)
5. The boy should have delivered the paper on time. (but he didn’t)

Pernyataan dalam kurung (but you didn’t go, but she didn’t dan but he didn’t) tidak harus ditulis seperti pada contoh nomor 3, 4, dan 5. Pada contoh tersebut ditulis hanya sekedar mengingatkan kepada kita semua bahwa makna dan maksuk dari bentuk sholud have + Verb 3 (Past Participle) adalah seperti pernyataan dalam kurung tersebut.

Dalam kalimat sebenarnya, ketika seseorang menasehati/mengingatkan orang lain tentang sesuatu yang seharusnya dilakukan, namun tidak dilakukan oleh orang yang kita berikan nasihat, kita cukup menyatakan dengan kalimat sebagai berikut:

1. You should have done your home work on time in order to make your teacher proud of you.
2. You should come on time.
3. Drivers should have had driving license.
4. The leader should have asked all the members in making decicions.
5. The member should have had members’ card.
6. You shouldn’t have come late.
7. You shouldn’t have woken up  late.
8. The government shouldn’t have raised the fuel price.
9. The smokers shouldn’t have smoked in public places.
10.The selleers shouldn’t have sold the people daily needs too expensive.

Pada contoh nomor 6-10 bentuk kalimatnya adalah negatif. Bentuk negatif shouldn’t have + Verb 3 (Past Participle) tersebut menyatakan bahwa perbuatan/kebiasaan yang kurang baik atau tidak baik semestinya tidak dilakukan oleh orang karena akan berdampak negatif/kurang baik terhadap orang lain sehingga kita memberi nasihat atau masukan.

Bentuk nasihat dari shouldn’t have + Verb 3 (Past Participle) merupakan bentuk nasihat kita terhadap orang lain untuk perbuatan-perbuatan/ kegiatan yang tidak baik, merugikan diri sendiri dan orang lain, berdampak negatif terhadap orang banyak dan lain sebagainya.

Berikut adalah kalimat-kalimat yang menggunakan pola shouldn’t have + Verb 3 (Past Participle):

1. You didn’t come to the important meeting. Your boss is angry. You should have come to the important meeting
2. I told him to see a doctor, but he didn’t see. Now he is sick. I should have taken him to a doctor
3. You sold your car. Now you cannot take a trip. You should not have sold your car.
4. Today is rain. You didn’t wear a raincoat. You should have worn a raincoat.
5. Your friend is upset because you didn’t write him a letter. You should have written him a letter.
6. I didn’t make a coffee. Now I am sleepy. I should have made a coffee.
7. You loved Mary but you didn’t marry her. You should have married her.
8. You didn’t have a food because you buy a lot of clothes. You should not have bought a lot of clothes.
9. I didn’t set alarm clock. Now I am late. I should have set alarm clock.
10.They bought a box of candy but I didn’t like a candy. They should not have bought a box of candy

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D. Contoh Percakapan Should dan shouldn’t


Conversation 1

Marilia : Hi, Sisilia. Good morning!
Sisilia : Hi, Marilia I am very well thank you. How about you?
Marilia : I am fine. Thank you.
Sisilia    :  It sounds great. What can I do for you Marilia?
Marilia : I think I’ve gained weight because my favorite jeans don’t fit me anymore. In your mind, what should I do?
Sisilia : I think you should take some exercise.
Marilia : What kind of exercise do you think is the best to lose weight?
Sisilia :  I don’t know about that. How about asking my sister? She’s an athlete, so she maybe knows what exercise that is the best to lose weight.
Marilia : That’s a great idea. Let’s ask your sister.
Sisilia : With my pleasure.
Marilia : Thanks a lot.

Conversation 2
Tom     : Hi, Jerry! How are you doing?
Jerry   : Hi, Tom. I am very well. What about you
Tom     : Fine thank you.
Jerry   : Is there something important?
Tom     : Yes, Bryan’s birthday is coming. What should we do to celebrate it?
Jerry   : How about we throw a surprise birthday party
Tom     :  I think that’s too cliché. My suggestion is that we should ask him directly what he wants for his birthday.
Jerry   :  A surprise party is indeed too cliché, but it’s always been fun.
Tom     : I agree with Jerry.
Jerry   : Thank you buddy.

Conversation 3:
Marry   : Hi, John. Why do you look so sad?
John    : I am so confused
Marry   : Why? Maybe I can help you
John    : Tomorrow my mother will come here
Marry   : It sounds nice. She will bring many foods for you.
John    : No, Marry. That’s the problem. Tomorrow I will go to Java Jive Festival with my friends. I have bought a VIP ticket.
Marry   : I think you should tell your mother that you will go to the Java Jive Festival. So, she knows what you will do tomorrow.
John    : All right. I think I will do that. I'm sure that she will understand. Thanks, Andi!

E. Contoh soal  tentang giving advice + the use of should and Shouldn’t

A. Choose a, b, c or d to complete the sentences!

1. What should I do to increase my math score!
a. You must study hard.
b. You can call math teacher
c. You should study hard
d. You could ask your friend.

2. What shoud the students do to make the teachers respect?
a. They learn the lesson well
b. They may come late once in a week.
c. They will come on time.
d. They shouldn’t come late

3. Carolina : ………………………………
   Marta    : Thank my buddy. I will try to have healthy life.
a. Marta, you should stop smoking from now.
b. Marta, you shouldn’t stop smoking from now.
c. Marta, you should study hard from now.
d. Marta, you have chance to live healthier.

4.Keny : I am over weight and I am  uncomfortable with this condition.
  John :………………………………………..
a. You should control your stomach.
b. You should stop consuming junk food.
c. You should see a doctor.
d. You should stop wasting your time.

5. Woman : I have something problem with my best friend. I said bad thing to her.
   Man   :……………………………………..
a. You should come to her house and say sorry.
b. You should keep your best friend.
c. You should remind her mistakes.
d. You should give her advice.

6. I want to have a healthier lifestyle. What should I do?
a. Don't do it.
b. You should sleep better, eat healthier and do workout.
c. I don't like eating vegetables.
d. Just do it.

7. What do you think about my new shoes?
a. I think you should take a good care of it. It's expensive right?
b. It's so ugly.
c. Your shoes?
d. Thanks.

8. Question: ............................................
   Answer  : It might be a good idea to take train.
a. I hate taking train.
b. Why should I do it?
c. What transportation would you recommend?
d. I think train is fine.

9. "I think I've gained some weight." What should be the response to this statement?
a. I would suggest you to drink a lot.
b. I would suggest you to sleep earlier.
c. I would suggest you to go to the cinema.
d. I would suggest you to change your lifestyle.

10. Heru is having cold. Doctor's advice below is correct, except...
a. You should take a bedrest
b. I suggest you to eat chicken soup
c. I advise you to eat ice cream more
d. My advice is to wear mask outside, to protect yourself and other people.

11. Rob is 10 years old kid from USA. He likes eating chips, juices and sweets. He spends all day in front of TV watching his favorite shows. What suggestion you would like to give to Rob?
a. Be more active, Rob!
b. Let's watch another movie, Rob!
c. Let's go for chips, Rob!
d. Just do whatever you want to do, Rob!

12. My neighbor is noisy. You should............
a. Let them be.
b. Tell your neighbor to increase their voice
c. Tell politely to neighbor to be silent for a while
d. I don't know, tell me!

13. Advice if your friend failed the exam?
a. It doesn't matter
b. I advise you to learn harder and smarter. I can help you with that.
c. I advise you to just forget about it.
d. What exam?

14. I have toothache. What should I do? The suggestion is proper, except...
a. If I were you, I would go to the dentist.
b. Why don't you go to the dentist?
c. I would suggest to take pain killer pills. Maybe it will help?
d. I'm sorry I never had toothache.

15. Question: ......................................
    Answer  : I suggest you to go home earlier.
a. What should I do? It's late already.
b. Tell me if what I do is wrong.
c. I hate suggestions.
d. I want to go home.

B. Imagine the situations below. Please give advice to a friend. Use should or shouldn’t !

1. Your young brother always get up late.
You advice …………………………………………………………………………………….
2.  Your friend habits are bad and careless.
Your advice …………………………………………………………………………………….
3. Your friend spend too much time in playing online games.
Your advice …………………………………………………………………………………….
4. Your friend didn’t want to help her mother on Sunday.
Your advice…………………………………………………………………………………….
5.Your didn’t have good preparation to follow the test.
Your advice……………………………………………………………………………………..

C.  Give 5 advice for each situation!

1. Many people didn’t care about the covid-19 pandemic.
2. Many Senior High School students did’t continue their study in University/College.
3. The teacher sometimes gives too much home work.
4. Your friend always come late in joining the class.
5. Many teenagers spending their time by playing online games.
6. Many teenagers didn’t want to learn traditional dance.
7. Many students are reluctant to learn English Grammar.
8. Many students are lazy to read the books in the library.
9. Many people are satisfied with their success without caring the poor man.
10. Many smokers still smoke in the public places.

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